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Ozeanien 6 Navigationsmenü VideoNETTO OZEANIEN 6 Unglaubliche Naturwunder #02 - Sammelkönig Panini Fortnite Trading Cards Serie 1 Epic Rpg Browsergames Crystal Shards aussuchen. Erscheinungsjahr Alle ansehen. Gebraucht : Zigarettenautomat Trick wurde bereits benutzt. Mehr erfahren - wird in neuem Fenster oder Tab geöffnet Internationale Versandkosten und Einfuhrabgaben werden teilweise gezahlt an Pitney Bowes Inc. US NOAA NWS. Retrieved 30 January Rugby League. Retrieved 10 August Archived from the original on 21 August New Caledonia sends two representatives to the French National Assembly and Farmeramabg senators to the French Senate. In the Mutiny on the Bounty against William Bligh led to several of the mutineers escaping the Royal Navy and settling on Pitcairn Islandswhich later became a British colony. See also "Late Colonization of Easter Island" in Science Magazine. Retrieved 10 Wohnwagensiedlung Birdlife Australia. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Retrieved 15 July The executive power is exercised by the government. Retrieved 30 June Retrieved Las Vegas Wolfsburg April
Die indigene Bevölkerung Ozeaniens befinden sich in sehr unterschiedlichen Situationen. Europäer bilden die Mehrheit in Australien, Neuseeland und auf Hawaii.
Auch in anderen pazifischen Inselstaaten nimmt der Anteil der Bevölkerung, die aus Asien stammt, durch Einwanderung deutlich zu.
Betrachtet man die am weitest verbreitete Begriffsdefinition, so ist Australien der wirtschaftliche Kern des Kontinents. Mit Neuseeland ist es auch ein international wichtiger Technologiestandort.
Die kleineren aufstrebenden Inselstaaten verlagern ihre ökonomische Infrastruktur zunehmend in den Bereich der Dienstleistungen.
Die transozeanische Einfuhr von Arbeitswaren ist einerseits eine wirtschaftliche Bremse für die Länder der ersten Welt, sichert aber die Versorgung der abhängigen Kleinststaaten, die nur sehr wenig, hauptsächlich landwirtschaftliche Exportgüter Arzneirohstoffe, Kokosnüsse produzieren können.
Als besonders schwierig erweist sich immer wieder der Güterverkehr zwischen den Inseln, der selten mit kleinen Wasserflugzeugen und hauptsächlich mit Frachtschiffen oder Fähren erfolgt.
Telekommunikation und Rundfunk sind ebenfalls nur in den wenigen, dichter besiedelten Gebieten ausgebaut. Diese, hauptsächlich von indigenen Völkern bewohnten Inseln sind meist politisch abhängige, vergessene Selbstversorgergebiete.
Es wird angenommen, dass der moderne Mensch vor mindestens Es wird angenommen, dass auch Teile der Salomonen schon damals besiedelt wurden. Eine zweite Einwanderungswelle begann, als ab etwa v.
Melanesien und Mikronesien von Menschen mit austronesischen Sprachen besiedelt wurden. Um das Jahr 0 erreichten sie Polynesien, zwischen dem zweiten und sechsten Jahrhundert Hawaii, im 5.
Jahrhundert die Osterinsel und Neuseeland zwischen dem Vom Jahrhundert folgten die europäischen Forschungsreisen durch Portugiesen , Spanier , Niederländer , Franzosen und Briten.
Thema Alle ansehen. Zeitraum Alle ansehen. Herkunft Alle ansehen. Artikelzustand Alle ansehen. Bitte geben Sie eine gültige Preisspanne ein.
Angebotsformat Alle ansehen. Artikelstandort Alle ansehen. Lieferoptionen Alle ansehen. Kostenloser Versand. Nur anzeigen Alle ansehen.
Rücknahme akzeptiert. Beendete Angebote. Verkaufte Artikel. Die Insulaner zeigten uns, wie man aus Kokosnüssen, Brotfrüchten und Taro köstliche Gerichte zaubert.
Auf den hohen Inseln standen ausgedehnte Wanderungen zu Urlandschaften aus Dschungel, grünen Tälern und Wasserfällen am Programm, um unsere wackeligen Seebeine zu trainieren.
Der Häuptling eines Dorfes in Samoa adoptierte uns und seitdem haben wir auch Familie in der Südsee! Eines Tages ankerten wir in Kiribati vor einem Dorf, wo noch nie zuvor eine Yacht vorbeigekommen war.
Germany established colonies in New Guinea in , and Samoa in The United States also expanded into the Pacific, beginning with Baker Island and Howland Island in , and with Hawaii becoming a U.
Disagreements between the US, Germany and UK over Samoa led to the Tripartite Convention of One of the first land offensives in Oceania was the Occupation of German Samoa in August by New Zealand forces.
The campaign to take Samoa ended without bloodshed after over 1, New Zealanders landed on the German colony. Australian forces attacked German New Guinea in September A company of Australians and a British warship besieged the Germans and their colonial subjects, ending with a German surrender.
The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters ,   was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor , Hawaii , on the morning of 7 December The attack led to the United States' entry into World War II.
The Japanese subsequently invaded New Guinea, Solomon Islands and other Pacific islands. The Japanese were turned back at the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Kokoda Track campaign before they were finally defeated in Some of the most prominent Oceanic battlegrounds were the Battle of Bita Paka , the Solomon Islands campaign , the Air raids on Darwin , the Kokada Track , and the Borneo campaign.
Australia and New Zealand became dominions in the 20th century, adopting the Statute of Westminster Act in and respectively.
Hawaii became a U. Fiji and Tonga became independent in On 1 May , in recognition of the evolving political status of the Marshall Islands , the United States recognized the constitution of the Marshall Islands and the establishment of the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
The South Pacific Forum was founded in , which became the Pacific Islands Forum in Oceania was originally conceived as the lands of the Pacific Ocean, stretching from the Strait of Malacca to the coast of the Americas.
It comprised four regions: Polynesia , Micronesia , Malaysia now called the Malay Archipelago , and Melanesia. Not included are the Pacific islands of Taiwan , the Ryukyu Islands , the Japanese archipelago , and the Maluku Islands , all on the margins of Asia, and the Aleutian Islands of North America.
In its periphery, Oceania sprawls 28 degrees north to the Bonin Islands in the northern hemisphere , and 55 degrees south to Macquarie Island in the southern hemisphere.
Oceanian islands are of four basic types: continental islands, high islands , coral reefs and uplifted coral platforms.
High islands are of volcanic origin, and many contain active volcanoes. Among these are Bougainville , Hawaii, and Solomon Islands. Oceania is one of eight terrestrial biogeographic realms , which constitute the major ecological regions of the planet.
Related to these concepts are Near Oceania , that part of western Island Melanesia which has been inhabited for tens of millennia, and Remote Oceania which is more recently settled.
Although the majority of the Oceanian islands lie in the South Pacific, a few of them are not restricted to the Pacific Ocean — Kangaroo Island and Ashmore and Cartier Islands , for instance, are situated in the Southern Ocean and Indian Ocean , respectively, and Tasmania's west coast faces the Southern Ocean.
One of the most dramatic is the Great Barrier Reef off northeastern Australia with chains of reef patches. A second island type formed of coral is the uplifted coral platform, which is usually slightly larger than the low coral islands.
Examples include Banaba formerly Ocean Island and Makatea in the Tuamotu group of French Polynesia. Micronesia , which lies north of the equator and west of the International Date Line , includes the Mariana Islands in the northwest, the Caroline Islands in the center, the Marshall Islands to the west and the islands of Kiribati in the southeast.
Melanesia , to the southwest, includes New Guinea , the world's second largest island after Greenland and by far the largest of the Pacific islands.
The other main Melanesian groups from north to south are the Bismarck Archipelago , the Solomon Islands archipelago , Santa Cruz , Vanuatu , Fiji and New Caledonia.
Polynesia , stretching from Hawaii in the north to New Zealand in the south, also encompasses Tuvalu , Tokelau , Samoa , Tonga and the Kermadec Islands to the west, the Cook Islands , Society Islands and Austral Islands in the center, and the Marquesas Islands , Tuamotu , Mangareva Islands , and Easter Island to the east.
Australasia comprises Australia, New Zealand, the island of New Guinea , and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. Along with India most of Australasia lies on the Indo-Australian Plate with the latter occupying the Southern area.
It is flanked by the Indian Ocean to the west and the Southern Ocean to the south. The Pacific Plate , which makes up most of Oceania, is an oceanic tectonic plate that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean.
The plate contains an interior hot spot forming the Hawaiian Islands. Australia, being part of the Indo-Australian plate , is the lowest, flattest, and oldest landmass on Earth  and it has had a relatively stable geological history.
Geological forces such as tectonic uplift of mountain ranges or clashes between tectonic plates occurred mainly in Australia's early history, when it was still a part of Gondwana.
Australia is situated in the middle of the tectonic plate, and therefore currently has no active volcanism. Much of the basement rock of New Zealand was once part of the super-continent of Gondwana, along with South America, Africa, Madagascar , India, Antarctica and Australia.
The rocks that now form the continent of Zealandia were nestled between Eastern Australia and Western Antarctica. The Australia-New Zealand continental fragment of Gondwana split from the rest of Gondwana in the late Cretaceous time 95—90 Ma.
By 75 Ma, Zealandia was essentially separate from Australia and Antarctica, although only shallow seas might have separated Zealandia and Australia in the north.
The Tasman Sea , and part of Zealandia then locked together with Australia to form the Australian Plate 40 Ma , and a new plate boundary was created between the Australian Plate and Pacific Plate.
Most islands in the Pacific are high islands volcanic islands , such as, Easter Island , American Samoa and Fiji , among others, having peaks up to m rising abruptly from the shore.
The most diverse country of Oceania when it comes to the environment is Australia, with tropical rainforests in the north-east, mountain ranges in the south-east, south-west and east, and dry desert in the centre.
Prominent features of the Australian flora are adaptations to aridity and fire which include scleromorphy and serotiny.
These adaptations are common in species from the large and well-known families Proteaceae Banksia , Myrtaceae Eucalyptus — gum trees , and Fabaceae Acacia — wattle.
The flora of Fiji, Solomon Islands , Vanuatu and New Caledonia is tropical dry forest , with tropical vegetation that includes palm trees , premna protrusa , psydrax odorata , gyrocarpus americanus and derris trifoliata.
New Zealand's landscape ranges from the fjord -like sounds of the southwest to the tropical beaches of the far north.
South Island is dominated by the Southern Alps. Earthquakes are common, though usually not severe, averaging 3, per year.
In Hawaii, one endemic plant, Brighamia , now requires hand-pollination because its natural pollinator is presumed to be extinct.
The aptly-named Pacific kingfisher is found in the Pacific Islands,  as is the Red-vented bulbul ,  Polynesian starling ,  Brown goshawk ,  Pacific Swallow  and the Cardinal myzomela , among others.
The Pitcairn reed warbler , endemic to Pitcairn Island, was added to the endangered species list in Native to Hawaii is the Hawaiian crow , which has been extinct in the wild since A unique feature of Australia's fauna is the relative scarcity of native placental mammals, and dominance of the marsupials — a group of mammals that raise their young in a pouch , including the macropods , possums and dasyuromorphs.
The passerines of Australia, also known as songbirds or perching birds, include wrens , the magpie group , thornbills , corvids , pardalotes , lyrebirds.
The birds of New Zealand evolved into an avifauna that included a large number of endemic species. As an island archipelago New Zealand accumulated bird diversity and when Captain James Cook arrived in the s he noted that the bird song was deafening.
The mix includes species with unusual biology such as the kakapo which is the world's only flightless, nocturnal, lek breeding parrot, but also many species that are similar to neighboring land areas.
Some of the more well known and distinctive bird species in New Zealand are the kiwi , kea , takahe , kakapo, mohua , tui and the bellbird.
The Pacific Islands are ruled by a tropical rainforest and tropical savanna climate. To the southwest of the region, in the Australian landmass, the climate is mostly desert or semi-arid , with the southern coastal corners having a temperate climate, such as oceanic and humid subtropical climate in the east coast and Mediterranean climate in the west.
The northern parts of the country have a tropical climate. Most regions of New Zealand belong to the temperate zone with a maritime climate Köppen climate classification : Cfb characterised by four distinct seasons.
Conditions vary from extremely wet on the West Coast of the South Island to almost semi-arid in Central Otago and subtropical in Northland.
It is extremely rare at sea level in the North Island. Hawaii, although being in the tropics , experiences many different climates, depending on latitude and its geography.
The Hawaiian Islands receive most of their precipitation during the winter months October to April. The highest recorded temperature in Oceania occurred in Oodnadatta , South Australia 2 January , where the temperature reached The linked map below shows the exclusive economic zones EEZs of the islands of Oceania and neighbouring areas, as a guide to the following table there are few land boundaries that can be drawn on a map of the Pacific at this scale.
The demographic table below shows the subregions and countries of geopolitical Oceania. The countries and territories in this table are categorised according to the scheme for geographic subregions used by the United Nations.
The information shown follows sources in cross-referenced articles; where sources differ, provisos have been clearly indicated. These territories and regions are subject to various additional categorisations, depending on the source and purpose of each description.
In recent Australian and New Zealand censuses, large proportions of the population say they belong to " no religion " which includes atheism , agnosticism , deism , secular humanism.
In Tonga , everyday life is heavily influenced by Polynesian traditions and especially by the Christian faith. The Ahmadiyya mosque in Marshall Islands is the only mosque in Micronesia.
Other religions in the region include Islam , Buddhism and Hinduism , which are prominent minority religions in Australia and New Zealand.
Judaism , Sikhism and Jainism are also present. Sir Isaac Isaacs was the first Australian born Governor General of Australia and was the first Jewish vice-regal representative in the British Empire.
There are also Creoles formed from the interaction of Malay or the colonial languages with indigenous languages, such as Tok Pisin , Bislama , Chavacano , various Malay trade and creole languages , Hawaiian Pidgin , Norfuk , and Pitkern.
Contact between Austronesian and Papuan resulted in several instances in mixed languages such as Maisin. Immigrants brought their own languages to the region, such as Mandarin , Italian, Arabic, Polish, Hindi, German, Spanish, Korean, Cantonese and Greek , among others, namely in Australia and New Zealand,  or Fiji Hindi in Fiji.
The most multicultural areas in Oceania, which have a high degree of immigration , are Australia, New Zealand and Hawaii. Since , more than 7 million people have settled in Australia.
From the late s, there was a significant increase in immigration from Asian and other non-European countries, making Australia a multicultural country.
Sydney is the most multicultural city in Oceania, having more than different languages spoken with about 40 percent of residents speaking a language other than English at home.
European migration to New Zealand provided a major influx following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in Subsequent immigration has been chiefly from the British Isles, but also from continental Europe, the Pacific, The Americas and Asia.
Hawaii is a majority-minority state. In , the first American missionaries arrived to preach Christianity and teach the Hawaiians Western ways.
Many are descendants of immigrants brought to work on the sugarcane plantations in the mid-to-late 19th century. Almost 13, Portuguese immigrants had arrived by ; they also worked on the sugarcane plantations.
Between and Australia's Pacific Solution policy transferred asylum seekers to several Pacific nations, including the Nauru detention centre.
Australia, New Zealand and other nations took part in the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands between and after a request for aid.
Archaeology , linguistics , and existing genetic studies indicate that Oceania was settled by two major waves of migration. The first migration Australo-Melanesian took place approximately 40 to 80 thousand years ago, and these migrants, Papuans , colonised much of Near Oceania.
Approximately 3. Mitochondrial DNA mtDNA studies quantify the magnitude of the Austronesian expansion and demonstrate the homogenising effect of this expansion.
With regards to Papuan influence, autochthonous haplogroups support the hypothesis of a long history in Near Oceania, with some lineages suggesting a time depth of 60 thousand years.
Santa Cruz , a population located in Remote Oceania, is an anomaly with extreme frequencies of autochthonous haplogroups of Near Oceanian origin.
Large areas of New Guinea are unexplored by scientists and anthropologists due to extensive forestation and mountainous terrain. Known indigenous tribes in Papua New Guinea have very little contact with local authorities aside from the authorities knowing who they are.
Many remain preliterate and, at the national or international level, the names of tribes and information about them is extremely hard to obtain.
The Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua on the island of New Guinea are home to an estimated 44 uncontacted tribal groups. Australia and New Zealand are the only developed nations in the region, although the economy of Australia is by far the largest and most dominant economy in the region and one of the largest in the world.
Australia's per-capita GDP is higher than that of the UK, Canada, Germany, and France in terms of purchasing power parity. The Australian Securities Exchange in Sydney is the largest stock exchange in Australia and in the South Pacific.
In , Australia was the 12th largest national economy by nominal GDP and the 19th-largest measured by PPP-adjusted GDP.
Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living ,  making it one of the most livable cities.
The majority of people living in Australia and to a lesser extent, New Zealand work in mining , electrical and manufacturing sectors also.
Australia boasts the largest amount of manufacturing in the region, producing cars , electrical equipment, machinery and clothes.
The overwhelming majority of people living in the Pacific islands work in the service industry which includes tourism, education and financial services.
Oceania's largest export markets include Japan, China, the United States and South Korea. The smallest Pacific nations rely on trade with Australia, New Zealand and the United States for exporting goods and for accessing other products.
Australia and New Zealand's trading arrangements are known as Closer Economic Relations. Australia and New Zealand, along with other countries, are members of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation APEC and the East Asia Summit EAS , which may become trade blocs in the future particularly EAS.
The main produce from the Pacific is copra or coconut , but timber , beef , palm oil , cocoa , sugar and ginger are also commonly grown across the tropics of the Pacific.
Fishing provides a major industry for many of the smaller nations in the Pacific, although many fishing areas are exploited by other larger countries, namely Japan.
Natural Resources , such as lead , zinc , nickel and gold , are mined in Australia and Solomon Islands. Oceania's largest export markets include Japan, China, the United States, India, South Korea and the European Union.
Endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, Fiji is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies , though it remains a developing country with a large subsistence agriculture sector.
Sugar exports and the growing tourist industry are the major sources of foreign exchange. Sugar cane processing makes up one-third of industrial activity.
Coconuts , ginger , and copra are also significant. The history of Hawaii's economy can be traced through a succession of dominant industries; sandalwood ,  whaling ,  sugarcane, pineapple , the military, tourism and education.
Im allgemeinen Sprachgebrauch spricht man auch von nur drei Ozeanen: Atlantischer Ozean, Indischer Ozean und Pazifischer Ozean. Bei dieser Sichtweise wird der Arktische Ozean als Teil des Atlantiks angesehen und der Südliche Ozean, als dessen Abgrenzungen der Juni um 16 Uhr PGT in Port Moresby Sir John Guise Stadium.
Ronald Warisan — Koriak Upaiga , Daniel Joe , Felix Komolong — David Muta C , Emmanuel Simon Stefan Marinovic — Michael Boxall , Luke Adams , Kip Colvey — Bill Tuiloma Moses Dyer , Louis Fenton , Sam Brotherton , Michael McGlinchey — Rory Fallon , Kosta Barbarouses Jeremy Brockie , Monty Patterson Koriak Upaiga Tommy Semmy Michael Foster Raymond Gunemba.